Installing k8s

Step-by-step guide for installing k8s on RPi.

This guide is based on an awesome gist from alexellis.

SSH to all nodes and update packages:

sudo apt-get install && sudo apt-get upgrade

Install latest docker:

curl -sSL | sh && sudo usermod pi -aG docker

Disable all swap:

sudo dphys-swapfile swapoff && \
  sudo dphys-swapfile uninstall && \
  sudo update-rc.d dphys-swapfile remove

Edit /boot/cmdline.txt and append following records to the end of the file:

cgroup_memory=1 cgroup_enable=cpuset cgroup_enable=memory
WARN Don't create any new lines.

Install kubeadm:

curl -s | sudo apt-key add - && \
  echo "deb kubernetes-xenial main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list && \
  sudo apt-get update -q && \
  sudo apt-get install -qy kubeadm

Start kubeadm on master node, wait for about 15 minutes and copy your join token which will be an output of the operation:

sudo kubeadm init --token-ttl=0 --apiserver-advertise-address= --pod-network-cidr=

WARN Token's ttl 0 is fine for test purposes only, in general you don't want to have infinite tokens.

Copy content of $HOME/.kube/config to your host machine, you’ll need it to access the cluster.

Now run on every worker node:

sudo kubeadm join --token TOKEN --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:HASH

Wait till process finishes and check if everything is fine. You should see something similar:

kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
k8s-agent-1    Ready     <none>    3m        v1.11.1
k8s-agent-2    Ready     <none>    2m        v1.11.1
k8s-agent-3    Ready     <none>    2m        v1.11.1
k8s-master-1   Ready     master    1h        v1.11.1

Last thing is to deploy helm which is a great package manager and is used for all go-home applications. First create a new service account and role binding to allow helm control your cluster.

Please refer to official documentation for other use-cases.

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
  name: tiller
  namespace: kube-system
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
  name: tiller
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: tiller
    namespace: kube-system

Then deploy arm-compatible tiller:

helm init --tiller-image=jessestuart/tiller:v2.14.3 --service-account=tiller

After a few minutes you should see tiller pod running in kube-system namespace.